Friday, December 11, 2009

Final Exam Questions

Here are 3 of the 5 questions you will have to choose from in class.

1. Compare the medical definition of health with the public health definition. Explain how public health can better address root causes of illness and injury. Describe how social inequities are actually aggravated by medicine. Illustrate examples of how community organizing can meet public health’s goals.

2. Why is tobacco addiction a social justice issue? Provide examples of how nicotine addiction is unequally distributed among groups in the US. Discuss how US corporations export the addiction to other parts of the world, using marketing practices outlawed in the US. Describe and discuss the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. How does it represent a policy approach to promoting public health?

3. Describe the “stream model” and the “normal curve” as illustrated in The Lancet article on diabetes in the US. Apply these two concepts to HIV in the United States. How could we “go upstream” in the American HIV epidemic? Give examples? How does the normal curve apply to the American approach to HIV prevention and treatment?

4. We discussed the problem of overweight and obesity quite a bit in class. Imagine that you are a public health educator who is designing a community education program for heavy kids in the Mission neighborhood. Describe the steps you would eemploy to assess, implement, and assure for maximum quality. Draw from Minkler’s “10 Commitments for Community Health Education” and describe how you would use them as guiding principles.

Monday, November 30, 2009

Final Paper: Community Health; Due Dec 9

Here is the outline for your final paper, due Dec 9

12 pt font
1 inch margins

This paper is the logical conclusion of the work you did on the first 2. The first paper was a LITERATURE REVIEW of your health issue topic. The second paper was a COMMUNITY DIAGNOSIS PLAN.
This paper is a REPORT BACK on the implementation of your community diagnosis plan, specifically your key informant interviews.

There are 4 Parts to this paper; points are designated below.

1. Introduction (5 pts)
State your topic
Tell me what you learned about the topic by doing this Community Health Project.
(you will elaborate more on this later, in your discussion and conclusion)

2. Findings (15 pts)
Report the key findings from the Key Informant Interview (See other blog post for guidance on summarizing interviews.
Present your findings in essay format.
Start with general impressions; reactions, etc
Continue on describing responses to questions.
DO Summarize the key ideas in responses and use quotations.
DON'T List each question and answer

3. Discussion (15 pts)
Put it all together; Refer back to your literature review (first paper)
compare your findings with the ones you described in the first paper
Use key concepts, models, and ideas from class to critique your findings
Describe what your findings mean for a potential community organizing project
Describe shortcomings or problems with your findings; how would you fix them
Write about your reaction to the process of interviewing and writing up the findings.

4. Conclusion (10 pts)
Restate your main learnings or thesis
State what would be your next steps if you were to continue a community organizing project on this issue and with these key informants and resources.

Summarizing Interview Information

One of the biggest temptations for beginning researchers/organizers is to tell your audience EVERYTHING that your interviewee/subject said in the interview. This is a huge waste of time: of yours and the reader's.

Once you have conducted your interview, read over your notes and listen to the recording (if there is one.)
Jot down or highlight your first impressions.
What really stood out?
How would you describe your subject's mood (cooperative, resistant, a bit of both... USE YOUR OWN WORDS; I DON'T WANT TO READ 30 PAPERS WITH IDENTICAL REPORTS ON THE COOPERATIVENESS OF SUBJECTS...) etc.
How informed about the health topic do you feel they were? (Give examples that illustrate this)
How informed were they about the work that their group or organization does to address the health topic? (Give examples...)
As a community organizer, how would you judge the subject's potential helpfulness in getting things done...

After these general impressions, go in for the detailed information.
What information did you collect for each question?
Specific information is important here.

Summarize the answers to specific questions along these lines. Use a narrative format (don't list questions and answers...)
Joe Johnson has worked at the Coalition for three years. He got involved first as a volunteer, then he worked part-time and eventually started full time three years ago. He said he likes his work. "I feel it is very rewarding when I see my clients' make progress." He feels the Coalition does a good job addressing the health issue (quote). He thinks they could do a better job if they had more community support and funding. But he wasn't very sure about sources of funding, when asked. He said his group could use some help from the local health department in identifying funding sources and writing grant proposals.
And so forth... You get the idea.

Bottom Line Idea: Interview data (the words the subject said, the information they gave you) is YOUR raw materials to build what you want. The answers are the raw ingredients for the dish you are cooking. You will not use ALL of the sugar, just as much as you need. Same with the flour and the salt and the other ingredients. So choose your materials wisely.

Saturday, November 28, 2009

How to Conduct Interviews

Here's a helpful link on how to plan and conduct interviews.